The international north-south transport corridor: history, modernity, prospects



  • Konstantin Markelov Astrakhan State University, Astrakhan, Russia
  • Pavel Karabushenko Astrakhan State University, Astrakhan, Russia
  • Rafik Usmanov Astrakhan State University, Astrakhan, Russia
  • Vyacheslav Golovin Astrakhan State University, Astrakhan, Russia


North-South ITC, history, trade, geopolitics, hub, integration, security, elites, international relations


Since ancient times, the trade route "from the Varangians to the Persians" and on to India was used by caravans of merchants from all over the multifaceted Eurasia. This route also served as a means of cultural and religious exchange, spreading knowledge and everyday habits. The history of this issue shows that the political and economic elites who initiated diplomatic and trade missions were primarily interested in developing and optimizing trade. The current drive to revive this route in the form of the International North-South Transport Corridor (ITC) is designed to bring integration processes to a higher geopolitical and geo-economic level. The paper analyzes the current status of the project, contains proposals for its optimization and expresses confidence that its implementation will enhance the integration of the Eurasian continent and increase its security.