Prevention of extremist behavior in educational institutions: psychological and legal problems
Keywords:deviant behavior, extremism, preventive measures, monitoring system, vulnerability to fascism, employees, students
The purpose of this particular study is to search for methods aimed at preventing extremist behavior in educational and other organizations. An interdisciplinary approach was used in this work, as well as methods of analysis, synthesis, generalization and classification, psychodiagnostic methods. As a result, a package of methods has been proposed in order to identify the propensity for extremist activity among students and university staff. Among them there are the following ones: the Methodology for diagnosing the dispositions of violent extremism, the Methodology for identifying the “Bullying Structure”, the Bass-Darki Aggressiveness Questionnaire, Destructive Communicative attitudes, Socio-psychological adaptation. Their capabilities and limitations have been also described. The proposals for improving labor legislation are substantiated and put forward, including an instruction legalizing the use of psychological techniques in Article 70 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the Labor Code of the Russian Federation). It is concluded that the use of these techniques in relation to employees is permissible only if they diagnose their business qualities. As for the students, in relation to them, the use of the considered package of methods is permissible only on a voluntary basis. Any comprehensive studies of this kind at the intersection of law and psychology in the field of countering extremism in the higher education system in our country have not been conducted.