Features of the formation of socio-psychological attitudes of personality among terrorists
Keywords:terrorist, attitudes, personality
The results of an experimental study of the features of the formation of socio-psychological attitudes in the motivational-need-to-required sphere using the example of a sample of respondents detained by law enforcement agencies of the Chechen Republic for committing crimes of a terrorist nature are analyzed in the article. The experiment was conducted on the basis of the Republican Psychoneurological Dispensary, where criminals detained for terrorist activities at different periods of time underwent a forensic psychiatric examination as part of investigative actions, during which their socio-psychological status was also studied. A total of 32 criminals detained for committing crimes of a terrorist nature were examined, the average age was 27 ± 5. Individuals of youthful age (average age 24±6) in the amount of 31 people were selected as a reference group for comparative analysis. An analysis of the results of the experiment showed that terrorists, compared with law-abiding citizens, have lower values for the formation of socio-psychological attitudes of the individual in the motivational-need sphere, which determines the orientation of the individual to the process, result, work, freedom and power. At the same time, in the motivational-required sphere of terrorists, despite their asocial orientation, socio-psychological attitudes towards altruism (possibly of a selective nature) and freedom prevail, while personal attitudes that determine the orientation towards selfishness and money are less formed.