Improving the institution of human rights and freedoms in constitutional law in Russia
Keywords:Constitution of the Russian Federation, human rights and freedoms, constitutional law, constitutional and legal regulation
This article discusses the prospects for further constitutional and legal reform in order to maximize the full enjoyment of human rights and freedoms in the Russian Federation. The article attempts to analyze from new positions the most problematic issues of implementing the principles of Russian constitutional law, which traditionally are the rights and freedoms of man and citizen. The authors pay special attention to the analysis of the categorical framework and methodological approaches to the problem under study. The main theoretical and methodological approaches are studied, which include: dialectical, structural-functional, comparative legal and other methods. A comparative analysis of the terms “rights” and “freedoms” of man is of considerable interest, during which similar features and differences are revealed. The authors analyzed the views of leading Russian scientists. In the course of the study, the authors revealed the mechanisms and guarantees ensuring individual freedoms (economic, political, ideological and legal ones). In conclusion, the authors come to the logical conclusion that individual rights and freedoms are the most important factor characterizing modern Russian society.