Psychological characteristics of families of juvenile offenders
Keywords:law, juvenile delinquency, family, family environment, crime prevention
Offenses committed by minors constitute a danger to society, as they threaten its future prosperous development. The purpose of the research is to study the psychological characteristics of a family of a juvenile offender, influencing the formation of personality. The hypothesis consists in the assumption that the psychological characteristics of family social space are the conditions for the involvement of minors in delinquency. The novelty of the study lies in the fact that for the first time the psychological characteristics of the family of minors with delinquent behavior were studied. Research methods used in the work include psychological analysis of documents – materials of cases of administrative offenses. The materials of 300 cases of administrative offenses, initiated under the articles of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation against minors and their parents, were studied by the authors. The conducted psychological analysis of the objective characteristics of juvenile offenders and their families according to the protocols on administrative offenses, made it possible to draw up their approximate profile. Thus, regarding minors with delinquent behavior, the authors note that these are most often males at the age of 17, schoolchildren. In most cases, they come from two-parent families with 2-3 children, in which most often parents have formal or informal employment, but abuse alcohol. The level of the financial situation of the family directly affects the quality of education, health and harmonious physical and aesthetic development of minors, however, the material potential is not a guarantee of absolute success.